The PAARL Research Journal (PRJ) is published and managed by the Philippine
Association of Academic/Research Librarians, Inc. PRJ is an annual, peer-reviewed
publication for library research in the field of Philippine academic and research
All PRJ content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial
4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.
org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/. Copyright, however, remains with the authors, and any
material that appears in PRJ may be reused by their authors in any form.
ISSN online/electronic publication 2423-2254
ISSN printed publication 2423-1916